Types of Breast Surgery & Breast Cancer Treatment

Lumpectomy, Total Mastectomy, Tumor & Lump in Breast

General breast surgery involves procedures that are non-cosmetic in nature but is done for various breast diseases and conditions such as lumpectomy or total mastectomy. If you notice anything unusual on your breast, we recommend that you consult your doctor immediately. Remember that breast surgery doesn’t necessarily have to be only breast cancer treatment.

Types of Breast Surgery & Cancer

Breast surgery is performed when a patient is diagnosed with cancer. The treatment for breast cancer usually involves surgical procedures, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy. However, surgery can also be performed for non-cancerous breast diseases and condition too.

Breast Cancer Surgery

Lumpectomy: In lumpectomy, the doctor removes the tumor and small amounts of surrounding healthy tissues. Further, the lymph nodes are removed by making a second surgical incision under the armpit. This procedure is also called breast conservation surgery.

Lumpectomy aims at freeing the healthy breast tissues of tumors. Radiation can be used after the procedure to treat any remaining cancer cells. If the tumor is large, then lumpectomy can be easily performed after the tumor shrinks with chemotherapy and hormone therapy. 

Quadrantectomy or Segmental Mastectomy: More breast tissue is taken out in this mastectomy when compared to lumpectomy. The area that is cancerous and the surrounding region of tissue that are healthy are removed. The procedure is followed by radiation.  

Simple Mastectomy: In total mastectomy complete breast is removed and lymph nodes are left intact.

Radical Mastectomy: Not only is the entire breast removed but the nipples, lymph nodes in the armpits and the mammary muscles are taken out as well.

Modified Radical Mastectomy: The complete breast and nipples are taken out in this procedure. Modified radical mastectomy removes only some lymph nodes in the armpits and the mammary muscles are retained.  

Non-Cancerous Breast Surgery

Fibrocystic Breast Surgery: In fibrocystic breast surgery, cysts are formed in the breast. These cysts are usually non-malignant and are just pockets of fluids that can be drained. Fibrocystic breast disease doesn’t pose any threat but the procedure to drain the cyst periodically can cause some discomfort. If the cysts have to be removed completely then the patient may have to undergo a fibrocystic breast surgery.

Benign Lesion Surgery: Benign lesion is also referred to as breast tumors. This occurs when breast tissues and cells experience abnormal growth and forms a much harder lump in breast. If such growth develops it is advised that the same is evaluated immediately and if required benign lesion surgery is performed. These lesions don’t pose any health threats but a biopsy must be conducted to rule out malignant growth.

Breast Surgery: Breast Diseases & Conditions

Breast cancer is undoubtedly the main cause for breast surgery. A lump in breast or any abnormal growth is usually the first signs of cancer. Not just women, even men are at a relative risk of developing breast cancer.

Apart from breast cancer, the following diseases and conditions can also require breast surgery:

  • Fibrocystic breast surgery
  • Lump in breast   
  • Breast Pain (mastalgia)
  • Fibroadenoma
  • Gynacomastia
  • Nipple discharge  

Tags: General Breast Surgery , Breast Cancer , Treatment , Diseases , Conditions , Non-Cancerous , Chemotherapy , Hormone Therapy , Lumpectomy , Quadrantectomy , Total Mastectomy , Radical Mastectomy , Lump in Breast , Tumor , Fibrocystic , Benign Lesion


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