WHAT IS THE INFLUENZA A (H1N1) VIRUS ?
This is a new type of influenza or “flu” virus that is currently causing outbreaks of disease in a number of countries. It spreads mainly from person to person through coughing or sneezing of people suffering from influenza. People may also become infected by touching surfaces contaminated with the virus and then touching their own mouth, nose and eyes.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS ?
The symptoms appear to be similar to that of regular human seasonal flu and include fever, cough, headache, muscle and joint pain, sore throat, runny nose and sometimes vomiting or diarrhoea.
HOW CAN I REDUCE THE RISK OF GETTING THE INFECTION ?
Protective measures to reduce the risk of getting or spreading the Influenza A (H1N1) virus are the same as for seasonal flu and most other respiratory infections. They include:
- Cleaning your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol based hand rubs are also effective.
- Covering your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze, with a tissue, handkerchief or a sleeve. Do not cover your mouth with your bare hand as your hand may become infected and facilitate virus transmission to others.
- Trying to avoid close contact with sick people.
- When ill, staying at home and limiting contact with others to avoid infecting them.
WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I AM SICK WITH FLU-LIKE SYMPTOMS?
If you experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, cough, headache, muscle and joint pain, sore throat, runny nose, vomiting or diarrhoea:
- Stay home or in your hotel room and avoid close contact with others.
- Wash your hands frequently and always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or handkerchief when you cough or sneeze and dispose used tissue carefully in a bin.
If possible, record your temperature daily with a thermometer (the most likely initial symptom is fever).
THE CORRECT WAY TO WASH YOU HAND - HAND WASH GUIDE
Source: World Alliance For Patienty Safety Http://www.who.int/patientsafety/en/
Tags: H1N1 , Influenza A Virus , H1N1 symptoms , Risk , Precautions