Acute Kidney Disease & Chronic Renal Failure

Chronic Kidney Disease: Symptoms & Risk Factors

The main function of the kidney is to filter waste products from the blood. When the kidney fails to do that, the levels of waste accumulation might rise to a dangerous level leading to renal failure.  Kidney failure can be of two types: acute and chronic, which is determined by the trend in serum creatinine levels and duration of disease.   Acute kidney failure can develop rapidly in a few hours or days. It can be a dangerous condition and one needs to consider it seriously. Chronic kidney disease or failure is a condition where kidneys are damaged and lead to waste accumulation. Over time this leads to problems of the heart and other organs. The treatment of chronic kidney failure involves methods to control the degradation of the organ. Controlling the underlying causes help prevent other organ damage.

The end stage chronic renal failure can be fatal and dialysis is required for such cases. The only other option is kidney transplant.

Kidney Failure & Chronic Kidney Disease Symptoms

There are many symptoms of chronic and acute kidney failure. The symptoms of renal failure develop over time and the process of damage is usually slow. The following signs and symptoms are common and if you have them, we recommend you to look for medical assistance at the earliest.

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite, fatigue and weakness of the body.
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Discoloration of the urine
  • Swelling of the face,  or puffiness around the eyes especially in the morning
  • Swelling of ankles and feet
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Dry itchy skin

Risk Factors in Chronic Renal or Kidney Failure

Diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, obesity and high cholesterol are some of the common risk factors.


  • Fluid retention leading  to swelling of the arms and legs
  • Abnormality in the heart functions due to rise of potassium levels in the blood
  • Anemia and weak bones
  • Impotence and decreased sex drive
  • Damage to the central nervous system  
  • Weakened immunity causing increased susceptibility to infections
  • In pregnancy, complications may occur in the mother and fetus

Treatment options include dialysis or renal transplant

At Columbia Asia Hospitals, India, we provide you with world-class treatment and services for acute kidney failure and chronic kidney diseases. If you happen to experience any of the mentioned symptoms, we recommend you to consult a doctor at the earliest. You can contact our helpdesk services to book an appointment with our doctors at Columbia Asia Hospitals in India. We have branches in  major cities in India to provide you with the best medical care and services.

Tags: Renal Failure , Kidney Failure , Chronic Kidney Disease , Acute Kidney Failure , Infection , Intensive Care Unit , ICU , Problems


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